Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1717
Presbyter Proculus is killed at the altar in the church in Vollore (Gaul), AD 524/525. Account of Gregory of Tours, "Histories", Tours (Gaul), AD 573-594.
Lovolautrum autem castro hostis expugnant Proculumque presbiterum, qui quondam sanctum Quintiano iniuriam intulerat, ad altarium eclesiae miserabiliter interficiunt. [...] Denique per ipsius Proculi presbiteri servum iam securi populi traduntur in manus hostium.
(ed. Krusch 1937: 109)
The troops stormed the fortress of Vollore. The Presbyter Proculus, who had once done wrong to Saint Quintianus, was cruelly cut down in front of the church altar. [...] In the end the inhabitants, who thought themeselves safe, fell into the enemy's hands, no doubt becuase of this earlier crime of the Presbyter Proculus.
(trans. Thorpe 1974: 172, slightly altered by J. Szafranowski)


Proculus' wrongdoings are described by Gregory in his Life of the Fathers, see [11]. His death is also recalled there [15]. Vollore was captured by the forces of Frankish King Theuderic I of Austrasia during his raid on Auvergne in ca 524/525.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Vollore

About the source:

Author: Gregory of Tours
Title: The History of the Franks, Gregorii episcopi Turonensis historiarum libri X, Histories
Origin: Tours (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Gregory of Tours (Gaul) wrote his ten books of Histories (known commonly in English as the History of the Franks) during his episcopal reign in Tours between 573 and 594. The books vary in scope and length. The first book covers 5,596 years from the creation of the world to AD 397, that is the death of Saint Martin of Tours, Gregory`s predecessor in bishopric. The second book deals with the history of Gaul between 397 and 511, the latter being the year of death of King Clovis I. The third and fourth books cover the next 64 years till the death of Austrasian King Sigibert II in 575. Finally, the following six books describe exclusively the sixteen years from 575 to 591. Probably in 594, Gregory added the list of bishops of Tours in the end of the Histories, with brief accounts of their actions.
B. Krusch ed., Gregorii Episcopi Turonensis Historiarum Libri X [in:] Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Merovingiciarum 1.1, Hannover 1884 (repr. 1951): 1­-537.
Gregory of Tours, The History of the Franks, trans. L. Thorpe, London 1974.


Functions within the Church - Rural presbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Conflict - Violence
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1717,