Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 15
Proculus, presbyter in Clermont (Gaul), is hacked to pieces near the altar in the church in the castle Vollore (Gaul), ca 524/525. Account of Gregory of Tours, "Life of the Fathers", Tours (Gaul), ca 590.
Tunc et Proculus ille presbiter, inruptis Lovolautrensis castri muris, ab ingredientibus hostibus ante ipsum eclesiae altare gladiorum ictibus in frustra discerptus est, reddiditque illi Dominus, sicut sacerdos cantare consueverat, secundum opera sua.
(ed. Krusch 1885: 225)
Then indeed, when the castle of Vollore was taken, the presbyter Proculus fled in vain from the invading troops to the altar of the church, and was hacked to pieces by the blows of their swords. And the Lord thus dealt with him according to his works, as the holy bishop used to repeat.
(trans. James 1985: 24, slightly altered)


Proculus was probably transferred from Clermont to Vollore after his conflict with bishop Quintianus of Clermont, see [11]. The same event is also described by Gregory in his History of the Franks, see [1717]. Vollore was captured by the forces of Frankish King Theuderic I of Austrasia during his raid on Auvergne in ca 524/525.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Vollore

About the source:

Author: Gregory of Tours
Title: Life of the Fathers, Vita Patrum, Liber Vitae Patrum
Origin: Tours (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Gregory of Tours (bishop of Tours in Gaul in 573-594) started writing his Life of the Fathers some time before 587 and finished it around 592 or slightly later, as shown by the cross-references to his other works. It is a collection of twenty Gallic saints` lives of different lengths. They are all in some way connected to Gregory`s family or church interests, while also exemplifying different virtues leading to sanctity. Saints presented in the Life of the Fathers are all either ascetics or bishops.
More on the text: James 1991: ix-xxv.
B. Krusch ed., Gregorii Episcopi Turonensis Miracula et Opera Minora, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Merovingicarum 1.2, Hannover 1885, 211-294.
Gregory of Tours, Life of the Fathers, trans. by E. James, Liverpool 1991.


Ecclesiastical transfer
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Relation with - Monarch and royal/imperial family
Relation with - Secular authority
Further ecclesiastical career - None
Administration of justice - Secular
Administration of justice - Capital punishment
Conflict - Violence
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER15,