Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 964
Augustine, the bishop of Hippo Regius (North Africa) includes the presbyter Jerome in the list of the authority figures who have maintained the doctrine of original sin. Augustine, "Against Julian", AD 421/422.
Book 2
[...] Propter quam catholicam ueritatem sancti ac beati et in diuinorum eloquiorum pertractatione clarissimi sacerdotes, Irenaeus, Cyprianus, Reticius, Olympius, Hilarius, Ambrosius, Gregorius, Innocentius, Ioannes, Basilius, quibus addo presbyterum, uelis nolis, Hieronymum, ut omittam eos qui nondum dormierunt, aduersus uos proferunt de omnium hominum peccato originali obnoxia successione sententiam [...]
(ed. Urba- Zycha 1902: 168)
Book 2
33. [...] On account of this Catholic truth holy and blessed priests renowned for their explanation of the words of God, Irenaeus, Cyprian, Reticius, Olympius, Hilary, Ambrose, Gregory, Innocent, John, Basil, to whom I add, whether you like it or not, the presbyter Jerome – I omit those who are still living – maintain against you that all human beings are subject to original sin [...]
(trans. R. Teske)


"The phrase velis nolis has a snappish ring to it. Augustine goes on the defensive and makes excuses for Jerome because, being a bishop himself, he is fully aware of how Julian and any other elitist-minded bishop for that matter may object to this "mere" priest being named in the same distinguished company as episcopal writers." (Cain 2009: 144)

Place of event:

  • East
  • Latin North Africa
  • Bethlehem

About the source:

Author: Augustine of Hippo
Title: Against Julian, Answer to Julian, Contra Iulianum
Origin: Hippo Regius (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Julian (ca 380-454), the son of Bishop Memor (or Memorius) was made bishop of Eclanum before AD 417. He opposed the condemnation of Pelagius and Caelestius, accusing Augustine of Manichaean ideas. Augustine’s work "Against Julian" in six books was written in 421/422, as the response to Julian’s "Ad Turbantium". It is not to be confounded with "Contra Julianum opus imperfectum", which Augustine started to write in 428 and never finished.
J.P. Migne ed., S. Aurelii Augustini Hipponensis Episcopi Contra Julianum Haeresis Pelagianae defensorem libri sex, Patrologia Latina 44, Paris 1865.
Saint Augustine, Answer to Julian, in: Answer to the Pelagians II, New York 1997, trans. R. Teske, 268-536.
A. Cain, The Letters of Jerome: Asceticism, Biblical Exegesis, and the Construction of Christian Authority in Late Antiquity, Oxford 2009.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Reverenced by
Disrespected by
Education - Theological interest
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER964,