Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 930
Palladius, bishop of Ratiaria (Dacia) requests the independent observers at the Council of Aquileia. Ambrose, bishop of Milan (Italy), accuses him that he wants priests to be judged by the lay men. Chromatius, presbyter of Aquileia, takes part in the discussion. The Acts of the Council of Aquileia, AD 381.
51. Ambrosius episcopus dixit: Acquiescis ut cetera legantur Arri, Palladi?
Palladius dixit: Date auditores, ueniant et ex utraque parte exceptores. Non potestis esse iudices si auditores non habuerimus et ex utraque parte uenerint qui audiant. Non uobis respondemus.
Ambrosius episcopus dixit: Quos quaeritis auditores?
Palladius dixit: Sunt hic honorati multi.
Sabinus episcopus dixit: Post tot blasfemias auditores petis?
Ambrosius episcopus dixit: Sacerdotes de laicis iudicare debent, non laici de sacerdotibus. Sed tamen quos iudices petas dicito.
Palladius: Auditores ueniant.
Cromatius presbyter dixit: Salua condemnatione sacerdotali †quam et Palladi† etiam in pleno legantur. [Text corrupted, probably lacunose]
(ed. Gryson 1980: 368)
51. Bishop Ambrose said: Palladius, do you give assent to read the rest of [the letter] of Arius?
Palladius said: Bring the auditors, let the stenographers of both sides come. You cannot be judges if we do not have the auditors and those who listen are not from both parties. We do not answer you.
Bishop Ambrose said: Who do you want to be these auditors?
Palladius said: There are many honourable people.
Bishop Sabinus said: After so many blasphemies you ask for the auditors?
Bishop Ambrose said: The priests shall judge the lay men, not the lay men the priests. But say what for what judges do you ask?
Palladius said: Let the auditors come.
Presbyter Chromatius said: Saving the priestly condemnation †and also of Palladius† as well in plenary they shall be read. [Text corrupted, probably lacunose]
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Aquileia

About the source:

Title: Acts of the council of Aquileia 381 AD, Gesta episcoporum Aquilea adversum haereticos Arrianos
Origin: Aquileia (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Council of Aquileia gathered on 3 September 381. It was probably at first designed as a general council of the Western and Eastern bishops, and the Homoian bishop of Ratiaria (Dacia) received from Emperor Gratian (367-383) the assertion that the Eastern bishops would be present, some of them were also Homoian and could support Palladius against Ambrose of Milan. Ambrose, however, persuaded the emperor to convoke practically only the bishop from Italy (Gryson 1980: 121-124). The council eventually condemned the Bishop Palladius of Ratiaria, the Bishop Secundianus of Singidunum (in Moesia; today`s Belgrade), and the presbyter Attalus for Arianism.
The acts of the Council were written down in shorthand by the stenographers provided by the Nicene party (see also McLynn 1994: 112-113, 123-126).
R. Gryson ed., Scolies ariennes sur le concile d’Aquilée, Sources Chrétiennes 267, Paris 1980, 331–383.
N. McLynn, Ambrose of Milan: church and court in a Christian capital, Berkeley 1994.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Described by a title - Sacerdos/ἱερεύς
    Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
    Public law - Ecclesiastical
      Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
      Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
      Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER930,