Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 841
Presbyter Iucundinus signs the acts of the First Council of Tours (Gaul, AD 461) on the order of his bishop Venerandus.
Perpetuus Turonicae ciuitatis episcopus interfui et subscripsi.
Victorius episcopus Cenomannicae ciuitatis huic definitioni interfui et subscripsi.
Leo episcopus Bituricae ciuitatis interfui et subscripsi.
Eusebius episcopus Namneticae ciuitatis interfui et subscripsi.
Amandinus episcopus Catalaunicae ciuitatis interfui et subscripsi.
Germanus episcopus Rotomagensis ciuitatis interfui et subscripsi.
Athenius episcopus Redonicae ciuitatis interfui et subscripsi.
Mansuetus episcopus Britannorum interfui et subscripsi.
Iucundinus presbyter iussu domni mei Venerandi episcopi, quia ipse non cerneret, subscripsi.
Thalasius peccator hanc definitionem domnorum meorum episcoporum ab ipsis ad me transmissam in ciuitatula mea relegi, subscripsi atque consensi.
(ed. Munier 1963: 147-148)
I, Bishop Perpetuus of the city of Tours, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Perpetuus of the city of Tours, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Victorius of the city of Le Mans, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Leo of the city of Bourges, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Eusebius of the city of Nantes, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Amandinus of the city of Châlons-sur-Marne, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Germanus of the city of Rouen, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Athenius of the city of Rennes, have been present and signed.
I, Bishop Mansuetus of Britons, have been present and signed.
I, Presbyter Iucundinus, on the order of my lord bishop Venerandus because he could not see, have signed.
I, sinner Thalasius, have read, signed and consented to this decree of my lords bishops which they have sent to me to my small town.
(trans. J. Szafranowski)


In PCBE Gaul 2: Iucundinus and Venerandus 2, it is argued that Presbyter Iucundinus accompanied and assisted Bishop Venerandus because the latter was blind. However, the verb cerneret translates to simply "did not see", which could mean that Bishop Venerandus was blind, but may also be an implication that he was simply not present at the council for whatever reasons, and had sent Presbyter Iucundinus to act in his stead (similar cases, see e.g. [434], [445], [453].

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Tours

About the source:

Title: First Council of Tours, Concilium Turonense I anno 461
Origin: Tours (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The council of Tours of AD 461 took place on the 18th of November of 461, when some bishops had gathered in Tours to celebrate the feast of St. Martin the week earlier. The canons were signed by eight bishops, including one described as "of the Britons", and one presbyter acting in his bishop`s stead. Characteristic of the acts of this synod is the frequent quoting of the Holy Scriptures.
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Galliae a. 314-a. 506, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 148, Turnhoult 1963.


Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER841,