Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 793
An inscription from the altar in the monastery of San Miguel de Escalada in Gradefes (Iberian Peninsula) informs that the altar contains relics of Saint Aemilian the presbyter, Saint Bartholomew the Apostle, Saint Stephen the First Martyr, and Saint Martin of Tours; 7th/10th century.
Hoc in altare sunt reliqui(a)e / sancti Emiliani pr(es)b(yte)ri / sancti Bartolomei ap(o)stoli / sancti Stefani levit(a)e / sancti Martini episcopi
(Hispania Epigraphica Online Database no. 30988)
This altar contains the relics of saint Aemilian the presbyter, saint Bartholomew the Apostle, saint Stephen the Levite, and saint Martin the bishop.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Gradefes

About the source:

Origin: Gradefes (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The inscription is on one of three altars found in the 19th century in the monastic church of San Miguel de Escalada in Gradafes (near Lancia in León, Iberian Peninsula). Fidel Fita (1898: 217, 218-221) identified the scripture of the inscription with the Visigothic style popular from the 7th century onwards. He also suggested that the altars might have been dedicated either in approximately AD 630, because he found it similar to the inscription in the church of San Claudio in León (Hubner 1871: n. 142), or possibly in AD 913 when Gennadius restored the church of San Miguel (Fita 1898: 218). Hubner supposed that the letters were incised in the 9th or 10th century according to the earlier exemplar from the 6th century (but it could not be earlier than 574, the year of the death of Saint Aemilian) or 7th century (Hubner 1900: n. 382).
Hispania Epigraphica Online Database no. 30988
E.W.E. Hübner, Inscriptiones Hispaniae christianae. Supplementum, Berlin 1900, n. 383
F. Fita, "Tres aras antiguas de San Miguel de Escalada”, Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 33 (1898), 218 (fot. Philppo Gonzalez).
E.W.E. Hübner, Inscriptiones Hispaniae christianae, Berlin 1871


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Fame of sanctity
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER793,