Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 744
Signature of the archpresbyter Marcellinus of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula) under the minutes of the Ninth Council of Toledo (AD 655).
Signatures of the present bishops.
Item abbates.
[23] Marcellinus archipresbyter Toletanus.
(eds. Martínez Díez, Rodríguez 1992: 513)
Signatures of the present bishops.
Then the abbots.
[23] Marcellinus, archpresbyter of Toledo.
(trans. M. Szada)


In the lists of subscriptions of the Ninth Council of Toledo (similarly as in the Eighth in 653) some abbots act on their own behalf (and not as vicars of absent bishops). The abbots sign the decrees after the bishops present at the council and before the vicars. In the same place there are signatures of the representatives of the Toledan clergy (such as archpresbyter and/or primicerius of Toledo). See Bishko 1941 and Orlandis 1986.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Ninth Council of Toledo, Concilium Toletanum nonum a. 655, Concilium VIIII Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum VIIII, Concilium IX Toletanum, Conciliu Toletanum IX
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Ninth Council of Toledo assembled in November 655 during the reign of King Reccesvinth (653-672). It was presided over by Eugenius II of Toledo. It was attended by fifteen other bishops, abbots, representatives of absent bishops, and lay palatine office-holders (comites), similarly to the previous council in AD 653, but then the representation of ecclesiastics and laymen were significantly more numerous (see discussion in [650]).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
C.J. Bishko, "Spanish abbots and the Visigothic Councils of Toledo", [in :] Humanistic Studies in honor of John Calvin Metcalf, Charlottesville 1941, 139-150.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford 2004.
J. Orlandis, D. Ramos-Lissón, Die Synoden auf der Iberischen Halbinsel bis zum Einbruch des Islam (711), Paderborn 1981.
J. Orlandis, "Abades y concilios en la Hispania Visigotica", Antigüedad y cristianismo: Monografías históricas sobre la Antigüedad tardía 3 (1986), 221-233.


Functions within the Church - Archpresbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER744,