Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 739
Bitus and Vincentius, presbyters of Rome, are representing the bishop of Rome at the Council of Nicaea (East, AD 325). Account of Socrates Scholasticus, "Ecclesiastical History", AD 439-450.
Τοῦτο μὲν οὖν ὕστερον ἐγένετο, τότε δὲ οἱ ἐν τῇ συνόδῳ ἐπίσκοποι καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ ἐγγράψαντες, ἅ κανόνας ὀνομάζειν εἰώθασιν, αὖθις κατὰ πόλιν τὴν ἑαυτῶν ἀνεχώρησαν. Φιλομαθείας δὲ εἶναι νομίζω καὶ τὰ ὀνόματα τῶν ἐν Νικαίᾳ συνελθόντων ἐπισκόπων, ὧν εὑρεῖν ἠδυνήθην, καὶ ἧς ἕκαστος ἐπαρχίας τε καὶ πόλεως ἧν, καὶ τὸν χρόνον, ἐν ᾧ συνῆλθον, παραθέσθαι ἐνταῦθα.
» Σπανίας
› ῝Οσιος ἐπίσκοπος Κοδρούβης οὕτως πιστεύω ὡς προγέγραπται.
› Ῥώμης
› Βίτων καὶ Βικέντιος πρεσβύτεροι
(ed. Hansen 1995: 46)
The bishops who were convened at the council [of Nicæa], after having drawn up and enrolled certain other ecclesiastical regulations which they are accustomed to term canons, again departed to their respective cities: and as I conceive it will be appreciated by lovers of learning, I shall here subjoin the names of such as were present, as far as I have been able to ascertain them, with the province and city over which they severally presided, and likewise the date at which this assembly took place. Hosius, who was I believe bishop of Cordova, from Spain, as I have before stated. Biton and Vicentius, presbyters from Rome. [...]
(trans. A. Zenos 1890, slightly changed)


On the presence of the Roman presbyters in Nicaea see also [722] and [849].

Place of event:

  • East
  • Rome
  • Nicaea

About the source:

Author: Socrates Scholasticus
Title: Ecclesiastical History, Church History, Historia ecclesiastica, Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία
Origin: Constantinople (East)
Denomination: Novatianist
Socrates was born in Constantinople around AD 380/390. He died somewhere between AD 439 (the last events recorded in his oeuvre) and 450 AD (the death of Theodosius II; Socrates always writes about him as about a living person). His work – The Ecclesiastical History – was most probably published in AD 439/440. Frequently Socrates is given the nickname "Scholasticus," which is provided by the one of Greek manuscripts. There is some uncertainty about its meaning; traditionally scholars translated it as "advocate", but the opponents of ascribing Socrates the legal profession (Urbainczyk 1997, Wallraff 1997) were of the opinion that it has a more literal sense and means "a person who frequented the schools, and is well-educated". Socrates was an adherent of Novatianism.
Socrates wrote his History as a continuation of the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius of Caesarea, to whom he alludes in the first sentence of his work. The work of Socrates has seven books. The characteristic feature of the historiographical method of Socrates is the inclusion of the original documents in extenso. (Maraval 2004: 9-35)
Sokrates, Kirchengeschichte, ed. G.Ch. Hansen, Berlin 1995 (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte, Neue Folge 1)
Socrate de Constantinople, Histoire ecclesiastique. Livre 1, texte grec trad. par P. Perichon, P. Maraval, introd. et notes par P. Maraval, Paris 2004
Socrates Scholasticus, Church History, trans. A. Zenos [in:] Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, vol. 2, ed. P. Schaff, H. Wace, Buffalo 1890.
P. Maraval, Introduction, [in:] Socrate de Constantinople, Histoire ecclesiastique. Livre 1, texte grec trad. par P. Perichon, P. Maraval, introd. et notes par P. Maraval, Paris 2004.
T. Urbainczyk, Socrates of Constantinople: Historian of Church and State, Ann Arbor 1997.
M. Wallraff, Der Kirchenhistoriker Sokrates: Untersuchungen zu Geschichtsdarstellung, Methode und Person, Göttingen 1997.


Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
Ecclesiastical administration - Ecclesiastical envoy
Relation with - Another presbyter
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER739,