Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 693
Presbyter Pomerius of Mauritanian origin, ordained in Gaul, writes several theological treatises, one of them in the form of a dialogue on the request of Bishop Iulian and the presbyter Verus, end of the 5th c. Account in the "Lives of Illustrious Men" by Gennadius of Marseille, writing in Marseille (Gaul), ca AD 490.
POMERIUS, natione Maurus, in Gallia presbyter ordinatus, interrogantibus et rogantibus Iuliano episcopo et Vero presbytero, dialogorum more respondens, arte dialectica et sermone ingenio[que] apto conposuit De natura animae et qualitate eius et de resurrectione et specialitate eius in hac vita fidelium et generali omnium hominum libros octo, quorum primus continet, “quid sit anima vel qualiter ad imaginem Dei credatur facta”; secundus, “utrum anima incorporea an corporea debeat credi”, tertius “unde sit anima primi hominis facta”; quartus, “utrum anima, quae nascituro corpori infundenda est, nova fiat sine peccato, an ex substantia animae primi hominis, velut propago ex radice producta etiam peccatum primae animae se cum originaliter trahat”; quintus “recapitulationem libri quarti disputationis, et quae sit facultas animae, id est, possibilitas, et quod eam ex singulari voluntate obtineat”; sextus, “unde sit iuxta apostoli dictum adversitas carnis et spiritus”; septimus “de differentia vitarum, mortium, resurrectionum carnis et animae”; octavus “de his quae sub fine mundi futura praedicata sunt”, absolutiones quaestionum, quae de resurrectione proponi solent.
Memini legisse me olim eius dictatum ad quendam nomine Principium, “De contemtu mundi ac rerum transiturarum” hortatorium, et alium “De vitiis et virtutibus, praetitulatum. Scripsisse et alia dicitur et adhuc scribere, quae ad meam notitiam non venerunt. Conversatione Deo digna vivit, apta professione et gradu.
(ed. E. Cushing Richardson 1896)
Pomerius, Mauritanian by origin, was ordained presbyter in Gaul. Asked and pleaded by bishop Iulian and presbyter Verus, he answered in the form of a dialogue and composed eight books according to the dialectic art and in suitable language and style, On the nature of the soul and its properties, and on the resurrection and its particular bearing for the faithful in this life and in general for all men. The first book contains discourses "on what the soul is and in what sense it is thought to be created in the image of God", the second, "whether the soul should be thought of as corporeal or incorporeal", the third, "how the soul of the first man was made", fourth, "whether the soul which is put in the body at birth is newly created and without sin, or produced from the substance of the first man like a shoot from a root it brings also with the original sin of the first man", fifth, "a review of the fourth book of the dispute, and an inquiry as to what is the capability of the soul, that is its possibilities, and that it gains its capability from a single and pure will", the sixth, "from where arises the conflict between flesh and the spirit, spoken of by the apostle", seventh, "on the difference between the flesh and the spirit in respect of life, of death and of resurrection", the eighth, answers to questions "concerning the things which it is predicted will happen at the end of the world", to such questions, that is, as are usually propounded concerning the resurrection.
I remember to have once read a hortatory work of his, addressed to someone named Principius, "On contempt of the world, and of transitory things", and another entitled "On vices and virtues". He is said to have written yet other works, which have not come to my knowledge, and to be still writing. He lives in the manner worthy of God, suitable to his profession and rank.
(trans. by E. Cushing Richardson, changed by J. Szafranowski)


The entry on Pomerius is widely considered a later interpolation to original Gennadius' work.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Arles

About the source:

Author: Gennadius of Marseille
Title: De viris illustribus, Lives of Illustrious Men, De viris inlustribus, On the lives of famous men On the Lives of Famous Men
Origin: Marseille (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The "Lives of Illustrious Men" by Gennadius of Marseille is the continuation of Jerome`s work bearing the same title. It contains 99 additional additional entries on different famous ecclesiestatics. It was written in the end of 5th century. At one point Gennadius writes that the death of presbyter and monk Theodore (Theodulus) of Coelesyria  occured `three years ago, in the reign of Zeno` (died AD 491). Gennadius also knows that pope Gelasius died (AD 496) and Julianus Pomerius is considered alive (d. AD 498). Therefore, Gennadius composed majority of his work most probably in the first half of the 490s.
E. Cushing Richardson ed., Hieronymus liber De viris inlustribus; Gennadius liber De viris inlustribus, Leipzig 1896, 57-97.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Writing activity
Non-Latin Origin - Moorish/Berber
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER693,