Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 686
Presbyter Musaeus from the church of Marseille (Gaul) is known for his knowledge of Scripture. He is the author of a lectionary and a sacramentary (ca AD 430-461). Account in the "Lives of Illustrious Men" by Gennadius of Marseille, writing in Marseille (Gaul), ca 490.
MUSAEUS, Massiliensis ecclesiae presbyter, vir in Divinis Scripturis doctus et in earum sensibus subtilissima exercitatione limatus, lingua quoque scholasticus, hortatu sancti Venerii episcopi, excerpsit ex Sanctis Scripturis lectione totius anni festivis aptas diebus, responsoria etiam Psalmorum capitula tempori et lectionibus congruentia. Quod opus tam necessarium a lectoribus in ecclesia conprobatur, ut expetitum et sollicitudinem tollat et moram plebique ingerat scientiam, celebritati decorem.
Sed et ad personam sancti Eustachii episcopi, successoris supra dicti hominis Dei, conposuit Sacramentorum egregium et non parvum volumen, per membra quidem pro opportunitate officiorum et temporum, pro lectionum textu psalmorumque serie et cantatione discretum, sed supplicandi Domino et contestandi beneficiorum eius soliditate sui consentaneum. Quo opere gravissimi sensus et castigatae eloquentiae agnovimus virum. Homilias etiam dicitur declamasse, quas et haberi a fidelibus viris cognovi, sed ego non legi. Moritur Leone et Maioriano regnantibus.
(ed. E. Cushing Richardson 1896)
Musaeus, presbyter of the church of Marseille, a man learned in the Divine Scriptures and most subtle in their interpretation, a scholar by language. At the request of the venerable Bishop Venerius, he selected from Holy Scriptures passages suited to the various feast days of the year, and also responsories from the psalms according to the time [of the year] and [current] readings. This work proved indispensable to the lectors in church, as it saved them trouble and anxiety in the search for passages, and was useful for the instruction of the people as well as for the dignity of the service.
He also addressed to the venerable Bishop Eustathius, successor to the above-mentioned man of God, an excellent and sizable Book of Sacraments, divided into various sections according to the offices and time, according to the text of the reading, sequence of the psalms, and chanting, but proper for praying to God and asking for the multitude of His favours. By this work, we know him to have been a man of most serious understanding and severe eloquence. He is said to have also delivered homilies, which are, as I know, valued by pious men, but which I have not read. He died in the reign of Leo and Majorianus.
(trans. by E. Cushing Richardson, changed by J. Szafranowski)


Bishop Venerius of Marseille's years of pontificate ranged between ca AD 430-455; the specific dates are unknown. Musaeus' death must have occurred between AD 457 and 461, the years when both Emperors Leo and Majorian ruled.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Marseille

About the source:

Author: Gennadius of Marseille
Title: De viris illustribus, Lives of Illustrious Men, De viris inlustribus, On the lives of famous men On the Lives of Famous Men
Origin: Marseille (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The `Lives of Illustrious Men` by Gennadius of Marseille is the continuation of Jerome`s work bearing the same title. It contains 99 additional additional entries on various famous ecclesiestatics. It was written at the end of 5th century AD. At one point Gennadius writes that the death of the presbyter and monk Theodore (Theodulus) of Coelesyria  occured `three years ago, in the reign of Zeno` (died 491 AD). Gennadius also knows that Pope Gelasius died (AD 496 AD) and Julianus Pomerius is considered alive (d. AD 498). Therefore, Gennadius composed the majority of his work most probably in the first half of the 490s.
E. Cushing Richardson ed., Hieronymus liber De viris inlustribus; Gennadius liber De viris inlustribus, Leipzig 1896, 57-97.


Functions within the Church - Urban presbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ritual activity - Divine office/Liturgy of the hours
    Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
    Writing activity
    Ritual activity - Liturgical books and the Bible
    Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER686,