Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 52
Canon 19 of the Council of Elvira forbids bishops, presbyters and deacons to leave their province to do business. Collection of canons associated with the Council of Elvira (Iberian Peninsula), ca AD 300/600.
Canon 19
De clericis negotia et nundinas sectantibus.
Episcopi, presbyteres et diacones de locis suis negotiandi causa non discedant, nec circumeuntes prouincias quaestuosas nundinas sectentur; sane ad uictum sibi conquirendum aut filium aut libertum aut mercennarium aut amicum aut quemlibet mittant; et si uoluerint negotiari, intra prouinciam negotientur.
(eds. Martínez Díez, Rodríguez 1984: 248)
Canon 19
On the clerics who pursue trade and worldly affairs
Bishops, presbyters, and deacons shall not leave their places for sake of commercial affairs, or travel the provinces looking for a gain at the markets. However, they can send a son, a freedman, or a hired servant, a friend, or someone else, if it is only to get a sustenance for themselves. And if they want to carry on a business, they should do it within their own province.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Elvira

About the source:

Title: Council of Elvira, Concilium Eliberritanum
Origin: Elvira (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The exact date of the council and the nature of the Elvira canons continues to be debated. Vilella and Barred 2006, Villela 2014 argue that it is a late, heterogenous compilation created in many phases between the late 4th century and the second half of the 6th. The unitary view is defended by Sotomayor and Berdugo Villena, in Sotomayor, Fernandez Ubina eds. 2008: 89-114. The council is usually dated to the first quarter of the 4th century, see Sotomayor in Sotomayor, Fernandez Ubina eds. 2008: 137-168).  For a more complete account of the recent research on the Council of Elvira see Sánchez 2008.
J. Vives, Concilios visigóticos e hispano-romanos. Barcelona, Madrid 1963.
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez, eds., La colección canónica Hispana, v. 4 Concilios Galos. Concilios Hispanos: primera parte, Madrid 1984.
M.J.L. Sánchez, "L’état actuel de la recherche sur le concile d’Elvire", Revue des sciences religieuses 82 (2008), 517-546.
M. Sotomayor and T. Berdugo Villena, "Valoración de las actas" in: M. Sotomayor, J. Fernández Ubiña, El Concilio de Elvira y su tiempo, Granada 2005, 89-114.
M. Sotomayor, "Sobre la fecha del concilio" in: M. Sotomayor, J. Fernández Ubiña, El Concilio de Elvira y su tiempo, Granada 2005, 137-168.
J. Vilella, P.-E. Barreda, Istituto Patristico Augustinianum, "¿Cánones del Concilio de Elvira o Cánones Pseudoiliberritanos?", Augustinianum 46 (2006), 285-373.
J. Vilella, "The Pseudo-Iliberritan Canon Texts", Zeitschrift für Antikes Christentum / Journal of Ancient Christianity 18 (2014), 210-259.


Family life - Offspring
    Travel and change of residence
      Public law - Ecclesiastical
        Economic status and activity - Buying & selling
          Economic status and activity - Wage labour
            Economic status and activity - Slave ownership
                Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER52,