Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 513
Clerics of the church of Berceo (Iberian Peninsula) accuse Presbyter Aemilian before Bishop Didymus of Tarazona (Iberian Peninsula) of wasting the property of the church. Bishop Didymus releases Aemilian of his ministry, ca AD 540-550. Braulio of Saragossa`s "Life of saint Aemilian", ca AD 631-645.
Braulio compares St Aemilian to St Antony and St Martin.
Sed et multa praeteream, inter caetera ecclesiastica studia haec maxima erat industria ut strenuae sollerterque quam ocius posset iniquam de templo domini pelleret mammonam; quocirca Christi substantiam Christi uisceribus impertiebat locupletem reddens ecclesiam Christi uirtutibus non opibus, religione non redditibus, christianis non rebus. […]
Ob hanc rem, ut mos pessimorum solet esse clericorum, adsistunt quidam e clericis suis coram episcopo ad eum uidelicet ob damna rei familiaris lacescendum, iurgantesque aiunt patere ecclesiae detrimenta: res susceptas usquequaque inminutas. Iam dictus antistes, facibus irae accenditur et inuidia ob eius uirtutes tenebratur. Intuens in uirum dei, uehementer inuehitur, quumque, ut se habet animus furia ebrius, iracundiae crapulam esset ructatus, uir dei egregius, sanctitate munitus, patientia tutus, tranquilitate consueta persistebat inmotus. Tunc, a suscepto dudum ministerio relaxatus, ubi nunc uocatur eius oratorium reliquum uitae tempus peregit innoxium. […]
(ed. Vazquez de Parga 1943: 17-20)
Braulio compares St Aemilian to St Antony and St Martin.
But, in order to pass over many things, among his acts as a priest, this, I declare, was his greatest labour: to drive Mammon out of the temple of the Lord with vigour and wisdom as quickly as he could. Wherefore he shared the substance of Christ with the innermost parts of Christ, making the Church of Christ wealthy again in virtues rather than riches, in religion rather than rent, in Christians rather than chattels. For he knew that he could be accused before Christ not for casting aside temporal things, but for casting aside men.
[VI. Clerks accuse the holy man before the bishop]
13. Because of this, as is the custom among the worst sort of clerk, some of his clerics came before Didymus to attack him on the grounds of harming their communal property. Slandering him, they declared that the losses of the church were clear to behold and that the goods which it had received had on all sides been diminished. Now the aforementioned prelate was inflamed with torches of anger and eaten through with envy because of Aemilian's virtues. Looking at him, he vehemently assailed the man of God. When he had belched forth the intoxication of his anger (as a soul drunk with fury is want to do), the man of God, fortified by his sanctity and protected by his forbearance, stood there unmoved with his accustomed tranquillity. After this he was released from the ministry he had taken up, and passed the rest of his life beyond reproach in the place which is now called his oratory. [...]
(trans. A.T. Fear 1997: 26)


We do not know the exact date of the ordination, we can only deduce that it was ca 540-550 (see discussion in [510]). We also do not know how long Saint Aemilian stayed in the office, but Braulio seems to suggest that it was rather short period.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Saragossa
  • San Millán de la Cogolla
  • Berceo

About the source:

Author: Braulio of Saragossa
Title: Life of saint Aemilian, Vita sancti Aemiliani, Life of saint Emilian
Origin: Saragossa (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Life of Saint Aemilian (ob. 574) was written by Braulio, bishop of Saragossa, somewhere between 631 (his elevation to the episcopacy and the death of Bishop John of Saragossa) and 645 (the elevation to the episcopacy of Eugene II of Toledo who in the dedicatory letter is mentioned as being still a deacon; see Fear 1997: xxvi). The life was intended to be read during the celebration of Mass in honour of Saint Aemilian (`breuem conscripsi, ut possit in missae eius celebritate quantocius legi`, ed. Vazquez de Parga 1943: 5).
L. Vazquez de Parga ed., Sancti Braulionis Caesaraugustani episcopi Vita s. Emiliani, Madrid 1943
A.T. Fear, Lives of the Visigothic fathers, Liverpool 1997
C.H. Lynch, Saint Braulio, bishop of Saragossa (631-651) his life and writings, Washington, D.C. 1938 (see also Spanish translation revised by P. Galindo: C.H. Lynch, P. Galindo, San Braulio, obispo de Zaragoza: (631 - 651). Su vida y sus obras, Madrid 1950).
L. Pietri, "Les abbés de basilique dans la Gaule du VIe siècle", Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France 69 (1982), 5-28.
A. Ubieto Arteta, "Los primeros años del monasterio de San Millán", Principe de Viana 34 (1973), 181-200.
V. Valcárel Martinez, "¿Uno o dos Frunimianos en Vita Emiliani y cartas de Braulio de Zaragoza?", Faventia 12-13 (1990-1991), 367-371.


Monastic or common life - Hermit
Ecclesiastical administration - Administering Church property
Public law - Ecclesiastical
Economic status and activity - Ownership or possession of land
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Further ecclesiastical career - Lay status
Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
Administration of justice - Demotion
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER513,