Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 474
Pope Silvester (AD 314-335) constructs a church on the estate of the Presbyter Equitius. Account of the Liber Pontificalis (written in Rome), AD 530/546.
34. Silvester: […]  Hic fecit in urbe Roma ecclesiam in praedium cuiusdam presbiteri sui, qui cognominabatur Equitius, quem titulum romanum constituit, iuxta termas Domitianas, qui usque in hodiernum diem appellatur titulus Equitii. […]
(ed. Duchesne 1886: 170)
34. Silvester: [...] He made in the city of Rome a church on the estate of his presbyter, called Equitius; he constituted it as a Roman title, near the Terms of Domitian, and to this day it is called by the title of Equitius. [...]
(trans. S. Adamiak)


The Titulus Equitii is usually identified as the Basilica of San Martino ai Monti. However, the actual basilica dates back to the 9th century, and the underground structure from the 3rd century was not really used as the church. Later in the Liber Pontificalis Pope Symmachus I (AD 498-524) is said to construct the Basilica of San Silvester and San Martin "from the foundations".
There is no such information in the first edition of the Liber Pontificalis.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Title: Liber Pontificalis, The Book of Pontiffs, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Liber Pontificalis is a major source for the history of the papacy in the first millenium. It is a collection of the lives of popes, starting from St Peter and kept going through to 870. Liber Pontificalis is prefaced by two apocryphical letters of Pope Damasus and Jerome, but it cannot be dated to that period. Although Mommsen tended to put the date of the actual compilation as late as the seventh century, nowadays Duchesne`s view is generally accepted that there were two editions made in the 530s-540s. The first, presumably completed soon after 530, has not survived as such, though we have two epitomes made from it (known as “Felician” and “Cononian” from the names of the popes at which they end). Duchesne tried to reconstruct it in his edition, but we follow the second edition presented by him, which was completed by the siege of Rome in 546. The work was then left aside for some time, and taken up again probably under Honorius (625-638) or shortly afterwards; hence the additions were written shortly after each pontiff`s death.
Liber starts to provide some more reliable information with the times of Pope Leo I (440-461), and becomes very well informed with the end of the fifth century. The lives of earlier popes cannot be considered as a valid source of information about their lifetime. However, those notices are a precious source for the sixth century: we learn what was considered an old tradition at the time, and how the past of the Roman church was being seen and constructed then. It is especially important when we deal with the liturgy.
 L. Duchesne ed., Le `Liber Pontificalis`, vol. 1., Paris 1886.
 T. Mommsen ed., Liber Pontificalis pars prior, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum 1, Berlin 1898.
 The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). The ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715, revised edition, translated with an introduction by R. Davis, Liverpool 2000.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Construction/Renovation
Economic status and activity - Ownership or possession of land
Economic status and activity - Indication of wealth
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER474,