Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 45
Presbyter Lazarus carries one of the letters written to Augustine by Firmus. Augustine of Hippo, Letter 2*, Latin North Africa, AD 426/430.
Letter 2*
Augustine refers to letters sent to him by Firmus:
1. ... epistolis tuis, una quam post missos a me libros de ciuitate dei gratissimam reddidisti, alia quam mihi presbyter Lazarus attulit.
(ed. Divjak 1981: 9)
Letter 2*
Augustine refers to letters sent to him by Firmus:
1. ....your letters—one that you sent me in gratitude after I sent you the books of The City of God; another that the presbyter Lazarus brought...
(trans. R. Teske, slightly altered)


We know that Firmus was residing in Carthage, so this confirms the journey of Lazarus.

Place of event:

  • Latin North Africa
  • Carthage
  • Hippo Regius

About the source:

Author: Augustine of Hippo
Title: Letters Letters, Epistulae
Origin: Hippo Regius (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The letters of Augustine of Hippo cover a wide range of topics: Holy Scripture, dogma and liturgy, philosophy, religious practice and everyday life. They range from full-scale theological treatises to small notes asking someone for a favour. The preserved corpus includes 308 letters, 252 written by Augustine, 49 that others sent to him and seven exchanged between third parties. 29 letters have been discovered only in the 20th century and edited in 1981 by Johannes Divjak; they are distinguished by the asterisk (*) after their number.
The preserved letters of Augustine extend over the period from his stay at Cassiciacum in 386 to his death in Hippo in 430.
This letter was written between 426 (the completion of the De Civitate Dei, mentioned in Ep.  2*.2) and 430 (the death of Augustine).
J. Divjak ed., Sancti Aureli Augustini Epistolae ex duobus codicibus nuper in lucem prolatae, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 88, Vienna 1981.
J. Divjak ed., Saint Augustin. Lettres 1*-29*, Bibliothèque Augustinienne 46B. Paris 1987.
Saint Augustine, Letters 211–270, 1*–29*, trans. R. Teske. New York 2005.


Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER45,