Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 435
Novatus ordains Novatianus a bishop. Some of the confessors and presbyters who separated themselves from Pope Cornelius (AD 251-253) return to the church. Account of the Liber Pontificalis (written in Rome), AD 530/546.
22. Cornelius: […] Sub huius episcopatu Novatus Novatianum extra ecclesia ordinavit et Africa Nicostratum. Hoc factum, confessores qui se a Cornelio separaverunt cum Maximo presbitero qui cum Moysen fuit, ad ecclesiam sunt reversi et facti sunt confessores fideles. [...]
(ed. Duchesne 1886: 150)
22. Cornelius: [...] During his episcopate Novatus ordained Novatianus outside the church and Nicostratus in Africa. When this happened, the confessors who separated themselves from Cornelius with the presbyter Maximus who was with Moyses, returned to the church and became faithful confessors. [...]
(trans. S. Adamiak)


The information is not included in the Cononian abbreviation.
The name of the Presbyter Moyses suggests that he was of Jewish or Christian origin.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Title: Liber Pontificalis, The Book of Pontiffs, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Liber Pontificalis is a major source for the history of the papacy in the first millenium. It is a collection of the lives of popes, starting from St Peter and kept going through to 870. Liber Pontificalis is prefaced by two apocryphical letters of Pope Damasus and Jerome, but it cannot be dated to that period. Although Mommsen tended to put the date of the actual compilation as late as the seventh century, nowadays Duchesne`s view is generally accepted that there were two editions made in the 530s-540s. The first, presumably completed soon after 530, has not survived as such, though we have two epitomes made from it (known as “Felician” and “Cononian” from the names of the popes at which they end). Duchesne tried to reconstruct it in his edition, but we follow the second edition presented by him, which was completed by the siege of Rome in 546. The work was then left aside for some time, and taken up again probably under Honorius (625-638) or shortly afterwards; hence the additions were written shortly after each pontiff`s death.
Liber starts to provide some more reliable information with the times of Pope Leo I (440-461), and becomes very well informed with the end of the fifth century. The lives of earlier popes cannot be considered as a valid source of information about their lifetime. However, those notices are a precious source for the sixth century: we learn what was considered an old tradition at the time, and how the past of the Roman church was being seen and constructed then. It is especially important when we deal with the liturgy
 L. Duchesne ed., Le `Liber Pontificalis`, vol. 1., Paris 1886.
 T. Mommsen ed., Liber Pontificalis pars prior, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum 1, Berlin 1898.
 The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). The ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715, revised edition, translated with an introduction by R. Davis, Liverpool 2000.


Non-Christian Origin - Jewish
Religious grouping (other than Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian) - Novatianist
Further ecclesiastical career - Bishop
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER435,