Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 374
Canon 4 of the Council of Turin (Italy, AD 398) confirms the judgement imposed on the layman Palladius by Bishop Triferius for intending to commit a crime against the Presbyter Spanus.
[Capitulum secundum cod. C] III [sic!]. De Palladio laico qui presbytero Spano crimen intulerat.
[Capitulum secundum codd. A et R] V [sic!]. Si laicus sacerdoti crimen obiecerit.
[Capitulum secundum coll. Hispanam] III [sic!]. De laicis qui in clericos crimen intendunt.
IV. De Palladio autem laico qui Spano presbytero non leue crimen intenderat, inter quod episcopus Triferius eiusdem criminis causam se cognouisse testatus est, id concilii decreuit auctoritas ut idem Palladius in eadem sententia maneret qua cognitionis tempore a Triferio fuerat sacerdote mulctatus, in hoc ei humanitate seruata concilii, ut ipse Triferius in potestate habeat quando uoluerit ei relaxare.
(ed. Munier 1963: 57 and 59)
[Title according to the codex C] III [sic!]. Concerning the layman Palladius who [falsely] accused Presbyter Spanus.
[Title according to the codices A and R] V [sic!]. If the layman [falsely] accuses a priest of a crime.
[Title according to the Hispana collection] III [sic!]. Concerning the laymen who intend [to commit] a crime against clerics.
IV. Concerning Palladius, the layman who intended [to commit] no small offence against the Presbyter Spanus: because Bishop Triferius testified that he had investigated the nature of this crime, the authority of the council decreed that this Palladius should face the sentence that was passed on him by the Priest (sacerdos) Triferius during the trial. In this [however] showing him [i.e. Palladius] the kindness of the council that Triferius would have the right to release him whenever he would like.
(trans. J. Szafranowski)


The see of Triferius, and hence the diocese in which Spanus served, is unknown. Triferius is also listed among the bishops who attended the Council of Nîmes of AD 394/396, see e.g. [367].
Spanus was one of the two presbyters of Bishop Triferius that we know of. The other was Exuperantius, see [379].

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Turin

About the source:

Title: Council of Turin 398, Concilium Taurinense anno 398
Origin: Turin (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Council of Turin gathered at the request of Gallic bishops and was chaired by bishop Simplicianus of Milan. The actual year of the synod was subject to a long scholarly debate, mainly because of the letter of pope Zosimos dated AD 417, in which he also mentions the Council of Turin (see MGH Epistolae 3.I.2) which according to him delt with bishop Brictio of Tours, who was appointed in the late 397. Hence, the Council of Turin was placed variously between 398 and 417. Currently, majority of the scholars agree on the date of 398. See discussion in Gaudemet 1977: 133-134. Most canons of this council deal with specific cases and not general issues.
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Galliae a. 314-a. 506, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 148, Turnhoult 1963.
J. Gaudemet, Conciles gaulois du IVe siècle, Sources chrétiennes 241, Paris 1977


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Relation with - Townsman
Public law
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER374,