Normally, three bishops were needed for a consecration of another one. When the bishop of Rome was consecrated, the bishop of nearby Ostia was habitually the main consecrator. The consecration of Pelagius I was by all means unusual. He was not elected to the post, but nominated by the Emperor Justinian, after having acceded to the condemnation of the Three Chapters (see, however, ). He met with a hostile reception in Rome and the whole of Italy. Apparently, only two bishops were found in central Italy who were prepared to perform his consecration. We do not know whether the bishop of Ostia refused to assist at the ceremony, or if there was no bishop there at the time. Anyway, Andrew, a presbyter, joined two bishops in consecrating Pelagius. In this way, the account shows that it was deemed possible for presbyters to participate actively in ordinations, at least if some bishops were present, too.