Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 357
The participants of the apocryphal Council of Cologne (Gaul), supposedly AD 346, mention a few presbyters living or sojourning in Gaul. Paragraphs 6, 11, and 13 of the Council of Cologne 346, written at an unknown date.
Iessis, bishop of Speyer, says that he heard with his own ears, in the presence of Martin, bishop of Mainz, Presbyter Metropius and Deacon Victor, Bishop Euphratas negating the deity of Christ.
Bishop Justinian says that the clergy of Cologne sent letters to some bishops informing them about Euphratas' heresy.
Bishop Servatius says that Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria along with many presbyters and deacons heard Euphratas blaspheming.
(ed. Munier 1963: 28; summarised by J. Szafranowski)


Should presbyter Metropius ever existed, he would most probably be the presbyter in Speyer, Mainz, or Cologne, three bishoprics that he is associated with in the synodal acts.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Cologne

About the source:

Title: Council of Cologne 346, Concilium Coloniae anno 346
Origin: Cologne (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The so-called Council of Cologne is wildly regarded as fictitious, for discussion see Munier 1963, p. 26 and Gaudemet 1977, p. 68-69. Acts of this council are only preserved in one codex from the 10th century (Bruxellensi 495-505).
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Galliae a. 314-a. 506, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 148, Turnhoult 1963.
J. Gaudemet, Conciles gaulois du IVe siècle, Sources chrétiennes 241, Paris 1977


Non-Latin Origin - Near Eastern
    Writing activity - Correspondence
      Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
      Described by a title - Clericus
          Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
          Relation with - Deacon
          Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER357,