Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 2406
Marcianus, an inhabitant of the fort Cucullis (Noricum) and later a presbyter, tells a story of the miracle performed by the monk Severinus in his hometown. The miracle is brought about by fasts and prayers of Severinus and the local presbyters and deacons, between 454-82. Eugippius, Life of Severinus, written in Castellum Lucullanum near Naples in Italy, AD 511.
11. (2) In castellum quoque, cui erat Cucullis uocabulum, deuotionibus accolarum uir sanctus aduenerat euocatus, ubi factum grande miraculum nequeo reticere: quod tamen Marciani, post presbyteri nostri, ciuis eiusdem loci, stupenda relatione cognouimus. Pars plebis in quodam loco nefandis sacrificiis inhaerebat. Quo sacrilegio comperto uir dei multis plebem sermonibus adlocutus ieiunium triduanum per presbyteros loci persuasit indici ac per singulas domos cereos afferri praecepit, quos propria manu unusquisque parietibus affixit ecclesiae. (3) Tunc psalterio ex more decurso ad horam sacrificii presbyteros et diacones uir dei hortatus est tota cordis alacritate secum communem dominum deprecari, quatenus ad sacrilegos discernendos lumen suae cognitionis ostenderet. Itaque cum multa largissimis fletibus cum eis fixis genibus precaretur, pars maxima cereorum, quos fideles attulerant, subito est accensa diuinitus, reliqua vero eorum qui praedictis sacrilegiis infecti fuerant uolentesque latere negauerant, inaccensa permansit. (4) Tunc ergo qui eos posuerant, diuino declarati examine protinus exclamantes secreta pectoris satisfactionibus prodiderunt et suorum testimonio cereorum manifesta confessione conuicti propria sacrilegia testabantur. [...]
(ed. Régerat 1991: 210, 212)
11. (2) Among other places, the holy man had come to a fort called Cucullis, invited by the pious request of the people in its vicinity. There he worked a great miracle which I cannot leave untold. We have heard the amazing account from Marcianus, a citizen of that place, afterwards our presbyter. Some of the populace still adhered to the practice of abominable sacrifices in a certain place. When the man of God heard of this sacrilege, he frequently addressed the people, prevailed upon the presbyters of the locality to announce a three days' fast, and ordered every household to offer a candle, which each one with his own hand fixed on the walls of the church. (3) Then, as usual, the psalter was recited, and when the hour of the sacrifice had come, the man of God invited the presbyters and deacons to pray with him to their common Lord with all the vigor of their hearts to show them the light of His knowledge so that they might know the lawless. When they, on their knees, had said long prayers with many tears, the greater number of the candles which the faithful had brought were suddenly kindled by the will of God; the remainder, however, of those of the people stained by sacrilegious practices, who, anxious to remain unknown, had denied it, were left unkindled. (4) Those then, who had offered them, made known by the divine test, immediately cried out and, by their attempts to excuse themselves, gave away the secrets of their hearts; and being convicted by the testimony of their candles, they made an open confession and bore witness to their sacrilegious acts. [...]
(trans. L. Bieler 1965: 69-70)

Place of event:

  • Danubian provinces and Illyricum
  • Cucullis

About the source:

Author: Eugippius
Title: Life of Severinus, Life of saint Severinus, Vita Severini, Commemoratorium
Origin: Castellum Lucullanum (Italy south of Rome and Sicily)Naples (Italy south of Rome and Sicily),
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Eugippius came originally from Noricum where he was a monk in the monastery founded by Severinus (died 482). He left Noricum for Italy in 488 with other monks and with Severinus`s body in the evacuation ordered by Odoacer. They settled in Castellum Lucullanum near Naples, Roman villa offered them by the noblewoman Barbaria. In 511, Eugippius composed the "Life of Severinus". He also created an anthology of the excerpts from the works of Augustine dedicated to the virgin Proba from the powerful Roman family, the gens Anicia, see [2047]. He also maintained relations with the clergy of Rome (as attested by his familiarity with Paschasius) and the African clerics exiled by the Vandals.
The Life can be safely dated to 511 because in the letter to the deacon Paschasius accompanying the Life, Eugippius mentions that the year of the consulship of Inportunus (509) was two years ago, see [2401] and [2402].
Eugippius was still alive in 532 when he corresponded with Ferrandus of Carthage [...].
Ph. Régerat (ed.), Eugippe, Vie de saint Séverin, Paris 1991 (Sources Chrétiennes 337)
English translation:
Eugippius, Life of St. Severin, trans. L. Bieler, The Fathers of the Church, Washington D.C. 1965


Non-Christian Origin - Pagan
Functions within the Church - Monastic presbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ritual activity - Eucharist
    Ritual activity - Presiding at prayer
      Relation with - Deacon
        Relation with - Monk/Nun
        Devotion - Supernatural experience
        Ritual activity - Chanting
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER2406,