Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 2250
Presbyter Iuvencus from Spain translated into hexameter the four Gospels, ca 330. Jerome, "On Illustrious Men", Betlehem, AD 392-393.
IUVENCUS, nobilissimi generis Hispanus, presbyter, quattuor Euangelia hexametris uersibus paene ad uerbum transferens, quattuor libros conposuit, et nonnulla, eodem metro, ad sacramentorum ordinem pertinentia. Floruit sub Constantino principe.
(ed. Cushing Richardson 1896: 44)
Iuvencus, a Spaniard of very noble family, a presbyter, translating into hexameter verse almost word for word the four Gospels, published them in four volumes; also some other works in the same meter regarding the order of rites.
He lived in the reign of the emperor Constantine.
(trans. Halton 1999: 117, slightly altered by J. Szafranowski)


According to Gregory of Tours (who cites Jerome as his source of information), Constantine himself commissioned the rewriting of Gospels into verse undertaken by Iuvencus, see [1701].

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Author: Jerome of Stridon
Title: On Illustrious Men, De viris illustribus, De viris inlustribus De viris inlustribus, On the Lives of Famous Men
Origin: Bethlehem (East)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
At the beginning and end of his De viris illustribus, Jerome writes that he finished the book in the fourteenth year of Theodosius` reign, that is, between 19 January 392 and 18 January 393. The De viris illustribus contains short biographies of 135 Christian authors, with Jerome himself being the subject of the last. The goal of Jerome`s project was to manifest that Christian literature should be seen on a par with the pagan literature in terms of both the quantity of great writers and the quality of their work. The dedicatee of the De viris illustribus is Flavius Lucius Dexter, a Roman official in the service of Theodosius and son of Bishop Pacianus of Barcelona.
E. Cushing Richardson ed., Hieronymus liber De viris inlustribus; Gennadius liber De viris inlustribus, Leipzig 1896.
Jerome, On Illustrious Men, trans. Th.P. Halton, The Fathers of the Church 100, Washington 1999.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Writing activity
Education - Theological interest
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER2250,