Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1948
Locuber, abba from Baecula (southern Iberian Peninsula), commemorates on the inscription the construction of two churches, AD 691.
In n(o)m(in)e D(omi)ni · Locuber ac si indignnus abba fecit / et duos coros·ic construxit · et sacra/te sunt s(an)c(t)orum D(e)i eglesie · pridie idus Ma·/g[ias Era DCC]XXVIIII· quarto regno gl(oriosi) d(omi)ni n(o)s(tr)i Egicani
CILAnd III.1 no. 213
In the name of the Lord, Locuber made this [inscription], though he is an unworthy abba. He built two choirs and the churches of the saints of God were consecrated on the day before the Ides of May in the year 729 of the era in the fourth year of the reign of our lord Egica.
(trans. M. Szada)


Usually, the title "abba" of Locuber is interpreted as a monastic title, and therefore, it is assumed that he founded a monastic establishment in Baecula. The inscription itself, however, mentions only the foundation of the churches in honour of saints and it is possible that Locuber was an abba of basilica(s). On non-monastic abbates see discussion in [810].

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Baecula

About the source:

Origin: Baecula (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The inscription itself has been lost and is known only from drawings made in the 18th and and an estampage made in the 19th century (for the images see Corchado y Soriano 1988). According to the 18th-century scholars, the inscription was originally located near the principal entry gate to the Castillo de Bailen (the fortress in Baecula). This gate was identified with the entry leading to the medieval church of saint Gertrud (not extant today).
Trismegistos no. 232201
Hispania Epigraphica Online no. 12804
Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby no. EDCS-10200077
C. González Román, Julio Mangas Manjarrés (eds.), Corpus de inscripciones latinas de Andalucia, vol. III.1, Seville 1991, no. 213 (with Spanish translation)
J. Vives (ed.), Inscripciones Cristianas de la Espana Romana y Visigoda, Barcelona 1942, no. 312
E. Hübner, Inscriptiones Hispaniae Christianae, Berlin 1871, no. 172
E. Hübner, Inscriptiones Hispaniae Christianae. Supplementum, Berlin 1900, no. 401
M. Corchado y Soriano, "Problemática sobre una lápida de fines del siglo VII en Bailén”, Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua (1988), 395-410 PDF


Described by a title - Abba
Ecclesiastical administration - Construction/Renovation
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1948,