Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 183
Presbyter Fortunatus signs the petitions of the monks of the monastery of Abbot Peter in Byzacena (North Africa), AD 523/525, preserved in the acts of the Council of Carthage, AD 525.
Ego Fortunatus presbyter hunc libellum nostrum subscripsi.
Ego Fortunatus presbyter monasterii huic libello nostro in omnibus quae superius continentur relegi, consensi et subscripsi et fratribus ad subscribendum tradidi.
Ego Fortunatus hunc libellum nostrum subscripsi.
(ed. Munier 1974: 274.276.280)
I, presbyter Fortunatus, signed this petition of ours.
I, Fortunatus, the presbyter of the monastery, reread this petition of ours in all that it contains, I agreed and signed, and gave to my brothers to sign.
I, Fortunatus, signed this petition of ours.
(trans S. Adamiak)


Abbot Peter made a formal appeal to Bishop Boniface of Carthage, because he felt that the rights of his monastery in the province of Byzacena (North Africa) had been infringed by Liberatus, his primate. The monastery of Abbot Peter had been originally founded by a subdeacon of Byzacena. Peter’s case was that, although the founder was in a relation of personal dependency (conditio) to Byzacena, the monastery could choose its allegiance (consolatio) to whichever episcopal see it chose. Carthage had been their original choice, although during the period 496-523, when there was no bishop there, the monks of Peter’s monastery had asked the primate of Byzacena, another Boniface, to ordain presbyters for them. When, afterwards, they tried to switch their allegiance back to Carthage, Libertus, the new primate of Byzacena, had excommunicated them at the council of Junci (AD 523).
Presbyter Fortunatus signed three petitions of the monks of the monastery. He is always signed as the second person, immediately after the abbot of the monastery, before the deacons and "seniores monasterii". He is described as the "presbyter monasterii", which may suggest that he was the only presbyter in the monastery at the time. It seems that he had a key role in writing the second petition, as he presents it to other monks for their subscription.  

Place of event:

  • Latin North Africa

About the source:

Title: Council of Carthage 525, Concilium Carthaginense a. 525
Origin: Carthage (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
When the Vandal king Hilderic granted tolerance to the Catholics in 523, a council of Catholic bishops gathered in Carthage on 5-6 February 525 under the bishop of the city, Boniface. Apart from repeating the disciplinary canons of previous councils (some were preserved only in this way), the council dealt with jurisdictional conflict between the bishop of Carthage and the primate of Byzacena.
C. Munier ed., Concilia Africae a. 345-a. 525, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 149, Turnhoult 1974, 254-282.  
S. Adamiak, Carthage, Constantinople and Rome: Imperial and Papal Interventions in the Life of the Church in Byzantine Africa, Rome 2016.
J.J. Gavigan, De vita monastica in Africa Septentrionali inde a temporibus s. Augustini usque ad invasiones Arabum, Torino 1962.


Functions within the Church - Monastic presbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER183,