Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1701
Presbyter Iuvencus rewrites Gospels in verse at the request of the Emperor Constantine, ca AD 330. Account of Gregory of Tours, "Histories", Tours (Gaul), AD 573–594.
A vicessimo primo enim eius imperii anno Hieronimus praesbiter addidit, indicans, Iuvencum praesbiterum euangelia versibus conscripsisse, rogante supradicto imperatore.
(ed. Krusch 1937: 27)
From the twenty-first year of Constantine's rule the presbyter Jerome took it over [i.e. the chronicle of Eusebius Caesarea - JSz]. It is he who tells us that a presbyter called Iuvencus rewrote the Gospels in verse, at the request of the Emperor Constantine himself.
(trans. Thorpe 1974: 91, slightly altered by J. Szafranowski)


Gregory alludes here to Jerome's De viris illustribus 84 (see [2250]). According to Jerome, Iuvencus was of Spanish origin.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Rome

About the source:

Author: Gregory of Tours
Title: The History of the Franks, Gregorii episcopi Turonensis historiarum libri X, Histories
Origin: Tours (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Gregory of Tours (Gaul) wrote his ten books of Histories (known commonly in English as the History of the Franks) during his episcopal reign in Tours between 573 and 594. The books vary in scope and length. The first book covers 5,596 years from the creation of the world to AD 397, that is the death of Saint Martin of Tours, Gregory`s predecessor in bishopric. The second book deals with the history of Gaul between 397 and 511, the latter being the year of death of King Clovis I. The third and fourth books cover the next 64 years till the death of Austrasian King Sigibert II in 575. Finally, the following six books describe exclusively the sixteen years from 575 to 591. Probably in 594, Gregory added the list of bishops of Tours in the end of the Histories, with brief accounts of their actions.
B. Krusch ed., Gregorii Episcopi Turonensis Historiarum Libri X [in:] Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Merovingiciarum 1.1, Hannover 1884 (repr. 1951): 1­-537.
Gregory of Tours, The History of the Franks, trans. L. Thorpe, London 1974.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Monarch and royal/imperial family
Writing activity
Education - Theological interest
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1701,