Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1646
Bishop of Rome is represented at the council of Nicaea in AD 325 by two presbyters. Account of Theodoret of Cyrrhus, Ecclesiastical History, AD 449/450.
Book I
The description of the council of Nicaea.
6. ὀκτωκαίδεκα δὲ καὶ τριακόσιοι συνῆλθον ἀρχιερεῖς. ὁ δὲ τῆς Ῥώμης διὰ γῆρας ἀπελείφθη βαθύ· δύο μέντοι πρεσβυτέρους ἀπέστειλε, συνθέσθαι τοῖς πραττομένοις παρεγγυήσας.
(ed. Parmentier 1954: 30)
Book I
The description of the council of Nicaea.
6. Three hundred and eighteen bishops were assembled. The bishop of Rome, on account of his very advanced age, was absent, but he sent two presbyters to the council, with authority to agree to what was done.
(trans. B. Jackson 1892: 43)

Place of event:

  • East
  • Rome
  • Nicaea

About the source:

Author: Theodoret of Cyrrhus
Title: Ecclesiastical History, Church History, Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία, Historia ecclesiastica
Origin: Cyrrhus (East)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Theodoret of Cyrrhus was born in Antioch (East) probably AD 393. He was destined for the ecclesiastical career, and as an adolescent entered the ranks of clergy. After the death of his parents he sold his property, and became a monk in the monastery in Nikertai near Antioch. He lived there from AD 416 to 423. He wrote then the Cure of the Greek Maladies. In AD 423 he became a bishop of Cyrrhus. He took part in the Nestorian controversy as a follower of Nestorius, and wrote treatises (not extant) against Cyril of Alexandria. He was condemned by the council of Ephesus AD 449, but rehabilitated by the council of Chalcedon AD 451. His writings were condemned again during the Three Chapters Controversy at the council in Constantinople AD 553. Theodoret wrote the Ecclesiastical History most probably ca AD 438/446. (Martin 2006: 11-28; dating: 31-37). It continues the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius of Caesarea, and its narration ends in the year AD 428.
L. Parmentier ed., Theodoret, Kirchengeschichte, Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der Ersten Jahrhunderte 5, Berlin 1954
Theodoret, The Ecclesiastical History, trans. B. Jackson, [in:] The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, II series, vol. 3, Oxford, New York 1892, 33-159
Théodoret de Cyr, Histoire ecclésiastique. Tome I, (Livres I-II), introd. A. Martin, trans. P. Canivet, Sources Chrétiennes 508, Paris 2009


Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
Ecclesiastical administration - Ecclesiastical envoy
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1646,