The canon repeats the decision of the council of AD 345/348 . The necessity of the participation of a cleric's own bishop refers probably to the case not only of a deacon, but also of a presbyter. The title of the canon may suggest that the word "sacerdos" refers here both to bishops and presbyters, since "levite" is very strongly linked to deacons. The canon will be repeated at the council of Hippo in AD 393 with the omission of the reference to the judgement of bishops . See also  and .