Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1506
Ennodius, deacon of Milan (Italy), in a letter to Alico, mentions the presbyter Amantius, ca 4th/5th c. Letter IV, 2 (= no. 118 in Vogel).
Book IV, Letter 32 = no. 118 in the edition of Vogel
1. Venerabilis Amantius presbyter dum ad uos paginas exigit, rem deuotionis meae sui esse fecit imperii. Felix necessitas, quae uotis praestat obsequium; libera praeminentis iussio, quae seruit affectui. Debet mihi coactor quod meae praestiti uoluntati. [...]  
(ed. Gioanni 2010: 42 = Vogel 1885: 129)
Book IV, Letter 32 = no. 118 in the edition of Vogel
1. When the presbyter Amantius demanded that I write a letter to you, he made a matter of my devotion a subject of his command. Happy is necessity that makes me obedient to my own wishes and unforced an order that agrees with my inclination. I need someone to push me to act on my own will. [...]
(trans. M. Szada)


Ennodius calls Alico magnitudo vestra, nobilitas tua, and meus dominus which suggest that he must have been a high-ranking person, layman, and his name may suggest that he was of Gothic origin. See Amory 1997: 476; Heather 2007: 32n29.
We do not know when exactly the letter was written; his relationship to the presbyter Amantius suggests that it was still in the times when Ennodius was a deacon in Milan and not yet the bishop of Pavia.

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Rome
  • Pavia

About the source:

Author: Ennodius
Title: Letters, Epistulae
Origin: Milan (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia), Rome
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Magnus Felix Ennodius (477/4 - 521) was a Roman noble from the senatorial family, born in Gaul and raised in Northern Italy. He became a cleric in Pavia and was ordained by the bishop of this city, Epiphanius. Later he joined the clergy of Milan where he was promoted to the diaconate around the year 502. In the year 515 (at latest) he was elevated to the see of Pavia. He was a bishop there until his death in 521. Ennodius was involved in many ecclesiastical and political affaires of his time, he also gained the reputation of a good rhetorician and teacher. He maintained good relations with the Ostrogothic King Theodoric - in 507 he even composed the panegyric for the king. During his episcopacy, he was also sent as an envoy to Constantinople in order to negotiate the ending of the schism between Rome and Constantinople (the Acacian schism). For the general information on Ennodius see PCBE, Italie, v. 1, Magnus Felix Ennodius; Kennel 2000.
Ennodius authored several works of different genres - discourses, lives of saints, poems, and letters directed to various addresses representing the Church and the state. On the collection of letters see Gioanni 2001, and the Introduction in Gioanni 2010.
F. Vogel ed. Magni Felicis Ennodii opera, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Auctores Antiquissimi 7, Berlin 1885
S. Gioanni ed., Ennode de Pavie. Lettres, vols. 1-2, Paris 2010
P. Amory, People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489–554, Cambridge 1997.
P. Heather, "Merely an Ideology? Gothic Identity in Ostrogothic Italy”, [in :] The Ostrogoths from the migration period to the sixth century: an ethnographic perspective, ed. S.J. Barnish, Woodbridge, Suffolk 2007, 31–60.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Reverenced by
Relation with - Deacon
Relation with - Secular authority
Relation with - Barbarian
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1506,