Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1498
Bonosus, a nobleman of Gallic origin is an outstanding presbyter in Ticinum (modern Pavia, Italy) between 458 and 466. Ennodius, Life of Epiphanius of Pavia, written ca AD 501/504.
34. [...] talis in diaconatu a vicensimo incipiens octo annos implevit. 35. et quidem tunc status ecclesiae Ticinensis bona clericorum fruge pollebat. erant caelestes viri, quos iste a perfectione incipiens anteibat. fuit Silvester archidiaconus ea tempestate, homo in vetusta disciplinarum instructione probatissimus. fuit vir insignissimus Bonosus presbyter, tam nobilis sanctitate quam sanguine, Gallus quidem prosapia, sed caelestis indigena. fuere alii et numero plures et virtute praestantes, quorum idcirco facio mentionem, quia parva laude dignus est qui tantum miseris antefertur.
(ed. Vogel 1885: 88)
34. [...] [Epiphanius] completed the eight years of his diaconate, which he had entered upon in his twentieth year. 35. And in those days the church of Ticinum flourished in good and virtuous clerics. They were saintly men, but he, a beginner on the path of perfection, surpassed them. There was at that time the archdeacon Sylvester, a man of long experience in the teaching of the arts; there was that outstanding man and presbyter Bonosus, noble by sanctity as well as by blood; a Gaul by descent, he was a citizen of heaven. There were others, many in number and outstanding in virtue, and I mention them because he is worthy of but meager praise who is compared with only those of little worth.
(trans. Cook 1942: 46, 47).


The text refers to the period of the episcopacy of Crispinus (see PCBE, Italie, v. 1, Crispinus 2, AD 446–466). We know that Epiphanius was ordained a deacon in 458 or 459, because in 466 and 467, when he is elected to be a successor of Crispinus, he is said to have already been a deacon for eight years.

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Gaul
  • Pavia

About the source:

Author: Ennodius of Pavia
Title: Life of saint Epiphanius of Pavia, Life of Epiphanius of Pavia, Vita sancti Epiphanii, Vita Epiphanii, Vita sancti Epifanii, Vita Epifanii
Origin: Pavia (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Magnus Felix Ennodius (477/4–521) was a Roman noble from the senatorial family, born in Gaul and raised in Northern Italy. He became a cleric in Pavia and is ordained by the bishop of this city, Epiphanius. Later he joins the clergy of Milan where he is promoted to the diaconate around the year 502. In the year 515 he was elevated to the see of Pavia. He was a bishop there until his death in 521. Ennodius was involved in many ecclesiastical and political affaires of his time, he also gained the reputation of a good rhetorician and teacher. He maintained the good relations with the Ostrogothic King Theodoric–in 507 he even composed the panegyric for the king. During his episcopacy, he was also sent as an envoy to Constantinople in order to negotiate the ending of the schism between Rome and Constantinople (the Acacian schism). For the general information on Ennodius see PCBE, Italie, v. 1, Magnus Felix Ennodius; Kennel 2000.
Epiphanius, bishop of Pavia whom Enndius personally knew and who introduced him into the clergy, died in 496. Ennodius composed the Life of Epiphanius shortly after his death, after 501 or 502 (he mentions that Bishop Rusticus of Lyon is already dead) and before 504 (the year of Theoderic`s campaign against the Gepids in Pannonia; in the Life Ennodius says that Theodoric had not yet begun any war since his victory over Odoacer). The Life is a main source for the life and activity of Epiphanius.
F. Vogel ed., Magni Felicis Ennodii opera, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Auctores Antiquissimi 7, Berlin 1885, 84–109
G.M. Cook trans., The life of saint Epiphanius by Ennodius. A translation with an introduction and commentary, Washington D.C. 1942


Social origin or status - Social elite
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Fame of sanctity
Reverenced by
Relation with - Deacon
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1498,