Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1457
Bishop Lucifer, Presbyter Pancratius, and Deacon Hilarius accuse the Emperor Constantius II of heresy. Account of Lucifer of Cagliari, "De regibus apostaticis", AD 355/361.
V. Et tu dicis: "Si fuissem haereticus, si, ut dicunt Lucifer, Pancratius et Hilarius, Dei inpugnarem religionem, iam in me fuisset uindicatum"
(ed. Diercks 1978: 145)
V. And you [Constantius II] say: "If I had been a heretic and attacked the religion of God, as Lucifer, Pancratius, and Hilarius say, I would already have been punished".
(trans. S. Adamiak)


See also records [1454], [1458], and [1459], thanks to which we can identify Pancratius as a presbyter.

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Milan

About the source:

Author: Lucifer of Cagliari
Title: De regibus apostaticis
Origin: East
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Lucifer, the bishop of Cagliari, was a staunch defender of Athanasius and the Nicene Creed. For his opposition to the Emperor Constantius II at the council of Milan (355) he was exiled to the Eastern provinces, where he wrote five polemic works, among them "On the Kings-Apostates" ("De regibus apostaticis"). His exile ended when the Emperor Julian allowed those exiled for religious reasons to return home in AD 362.
G.F. Diercks ed., Luciferi Calaritani opera quae supersunt, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 8, Turnhout 1978, 133-161.


Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Relation with - Deacon
Relation with - Monarch and royal/imperial family
Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1457,