Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1442
Roman presbyters Archidamus and Philoxenus participate in the council of Sardica (AD 343). The synodical letter transmitted in Athanasius, "Apologia contra Arianos", Egypt, AD 357.
48.  Ταῦτα γράψασα ἡ ἐν Σαρδικῇ σύνοδος ἀπέστειλε καὶ πρὸς τοὺς μὴ δυνηθέντας ἀπαντῆσαι, καὶ γεγόνασι καὶ αὐτοὶ σύμψηφοι τοῖς κριθεῖσι. τῶν δὲ ἐν τῇ συνόδῳ γραψάντων καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἐπισκόπων τὰ ὀνόματά ἐστι τάδε·
Ὅσιος ἀπὸ Σπανίας  
Ἰούλιος Ῥώμης δι' Ἀρχιδάμου καὶ Φιλοξένου πρεσβυτέρων....
The names of the bishops follow.
(ed. Opitz 1940)
48. This is the letter which the Council of Sardica sent to those who were unable to attend, and they on the other hand gave their judgment in accordance; and the following are the names both of those Bishops who subscribed in the Council, and of the others also.
Hosius of Spain,
Julius of Rome by his Presbyters Archidamus and Philoxenus...
The names of the bishops follow.
(trans.  M. Atkinson, A. Robertson;


The general council was convoked to Sardica in Dacia by the Emperors Constans and Constantius II in AD 343. It was split in two parts because the majority of the Eastern bishops did not want to accept the presence of Athanasius at the council. See Martin 1996: 422436. The presence of Archidamus and Philoxenus, together with the deacon Leo, at Sardica is also attested to by "Fragmenta Historica" of Hilary of Poitiers B, II, 2, 10 (Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 65, 127). They also signed the letter of Athanasius to the clergy of Mareote in Egypt (transmitted by Thedosius Diaconus, Sylloge, edited in C.H. Turner, Ecclesiae Occidentalis Monumenta Iuris Antiquissima. Canonum et conciliorum graecorum interpretationes latinae,  I,2,4, Oxford 1939, p. 660).

Place of event:

  • Danubian provinces and Illyricum
  • Sardica

About the source:

Author: Athanasius
Title: Apologia contra Arianos, Apologia secunda
Origin: Monasteries in Egypt (East), Sardica (Danubian provinces and Illyricum)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Athanasius probably wrote his "Apologia contra Arianos" in about AD 357 during his third exile from Alexandria, which he spent among the monks in the Egyptian desert (AD 355362).
H.G. Opitz ed., Athanasius Werke, II, 1, Berlin 1940.
P. Gemeinhardt ed., Athanasius Handbuch, Tuebingen 2011.
A. Martin, Athanase d’Alexandrie et l’Eglise d’Egypte au IVe siècle (328-373), Rome 1996.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
Ecclesiastical administration - Ecclesiastical envoy
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1442,