Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1439
Bishop Innocent of Rome in the letter to Aurelius, bishop of Carthage, calls Jerome his "compresbyter", AD 417. Letter 44 included in the Collectio Avellana, compiled in the second half of the 6th c.
1. Piissimum iter ad nos perueniendi tuas affectiones bene conpresbyter noster credidit Hieronymus. 2. Conpatimur gregis nostri membro et, quod faciendum duximus uel facere potuimus, sumus uelociter executi. Germanitas tua, frater karissime, citius litteras memorato reddere festinet.
(ed. Guenther 1895: 98)
To the most beloved brother Aurelius, Innocentius.
1. Our co-presbyter Jerome chose well the most pious way of conveying your affections to us. 2. We show compassion to the member of our flock and we quickly execute what we decided that should be done and what we were able to do. Your Brotherhood, o most beloved brother, shall send quickly letters to the above-mentioned [Jerome].
(trans. and summary M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Rome

About the source:

Author: Anicius Aurelius Symmachus
Title: Collectio Avellana, Exemplum sacrarum litterarum ad p.u. Symmachum
Origin: RomeRavenna (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia),
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Collectio Avellana is a collection containing 244 letters issued by emperors, imperial magistrates and popes. The earliest item is dated to AD 367, the latest to AD 553. Hence, the compilator worked most probably in the second half of the 6th century. Two hundred documents of the Collectio are not known from any other collection. The editor of the Collectio, Günther noticed that it can be divided into five thematic parts (Gunther 1896: 3-96; Steinacker 1902: 14-15; Blaudeau 2013: 4) :
1) no. 1-40 is an independent collection making use of the records of the prefecture of the city of Rome concerning two episcopal elections;
2) no. 41-50 that are derived from the records of the bishopric in Carthage, and consist of the letters of Innocentius I and Zosimus;
3) no. 51-55, the late letters of Leo I not known from any other source, regarding the exile of Bishop Timothy II of Alexandria;
4) no. 56-104 the group of letters from the pontificates of Simplicius, Gelasius, Symmachus, John, Agapet, and Vigilius;
5) no. 105-243 the letters from the records of Hormisdas.
The modern name of the collection derives from the codex Vaticanus Latinus 4961 copied in the monastery Sancti Crucis in fonte Avellana that was considered the oldest by the brothers Ballerini who edited the Collectio in 1787.
O. Guenther ed., Epistolae Imperatorum Pontificum Aliorum Inde ab a. CCCLXVII usque DLIII datae Avellana Quae Dicitur Collectio, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 35/1, 35/2, Prague, Vienna, and Leipzig 1895


Writing activity - Correspondence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1439,