Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1030
Presbyter Refrigerius bears witness to the events concerning Count Avitianus which he has learned from the tribune Dagridius. Account in the "Dialogues" by Sulpicius Severus, writing in Primuliacum (Gaul), ca AD 406.
Dialogue 3.5.1
Gallus, main protagonist of the Dialogues, says:
Haec cum multis Auitiano referente conperta sint, tum nuper Refrigerius presbyter, quem coram uidetis, a Dagrido, fideli uiro ex tribunis, sub inuocatione diuinae maiestatis audiuit, qui sibi hoc ab ipso Auitiano relatum esse iurabat.
(ed. Fontaine 2006: 306)
Dialogue 3.5.1
Gallus, main protagonist of the Dialogues, says:
These events are now known because Avitianus told them to many people. Besides, recently presbyter Refrigerius, whom you see here, heard the story from Dagridius, a faithful man and a tribune. Under an invocation of divine power, Dagridius swore that Avitianus had told him the story.
(trans. Goodrich 2015: 234, changed by J. Szafranowski)

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • East
  • Primuliacum

About the source:

Author: Sulpicius Severus
Title: Dialogues, Dialogi, Gallus sive dialogi de virtutibus sancti Martini, Dialogorum libri II
Origin: Primuliacum (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Sulpicius Severus` hagiographical corpus concerning Martin of Tours cosists of the Life itself, three letters, and three Dialogues. The Dialogues were composed between the year 400 (the year of Origenist controversy, to which Sulpicius makes a reference), and the year 410-412 when Jerome`s Commentary on Ezekiel was published, in which Jerome mentions the Dialogues. Stancliffe (Stancliffe 1983: 81) suggests that the Dialogues were composed between 404 and 406, judging by the comment of one of the interlocutors that eight years have passed since Martin`s death (in 397) and no allusion to the barbarian invasions  of Gaul in 406-407. The work was likely published in two separate volumes, with volume 1 containing the first and second Dialogue and volume 2 the third and last one. It can be proven by both early mansuscript tradition and the account of Gennadius (see [670]).
Sulpicius Severus, Gallus: dialogues sur les “vertus” de Saint Martin, ed. and transl. J. Fontaine, Sources Chrétiennes 510, Paris 2006.
Sulpicius Severus, The Complete Works, transl. R.J. Goodrich, Ancient Christian Writers 70, New York 2015.
C. Stancliffe, St. Martin and his hagiographer: history and miracle in Sulpicius Severus, Oxford 1983.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Secular authority
Relation with - Noble
Relation with - Monk/Nun
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1030,